Bands like the British band, Venom, and the Swedish band, Bathory, pioneered the new black metal genre from thrash metal. Venom provided the name of black metal in 1982. Norway bands like Darkthrone, Mayhem, Satyricon, Burzum, Immortal, Emperor, and Enslaved, and Finnish bands such as Impaled Nazarene and Beherit picked up the mantle and carried the genre into the early 1990s.
Hostility surrounds black metal bands as a result of their anti-Judeo-Christian attitude. The difference between black metal and other forms of heavy metal is lyrics that glorify occult and Satanic themes. The imagery surrounding the bands have a heavy emphasis on the themes.
While many of the modern black metal bands have changed direction, at one point murder, socialism, and church burnings were associated with and encouraged by black metal bands.
The raw aesthetic of black metal has continued to appeal to bands in Russia, Ukraine, France, Sweden, and France but each has injected its own elements.
One of the leading record labels for black metal is Norma Evangelium Diaboli in France.